Mortgage arrers or problems paying your mortgage
Step 1 – Contact your lender
Your mortgage lender will be keen to help and will talk through your options.
They must make reasonable attempts to reach an agreement with you, including considering whether to change the way you make payments and when you make them.
The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) defines arrears within a regulated mortgage contract or home purchase plan as a shortfall equivalent to two or more monthly payments.
If you fall into arrears, within 15 working days your lender must:
- tell you the total sum of your arrears
- list all the payments which you’ve missed or partly paid
- tell you the exact amount outstanding under your mortgage
- tell you the amount of any charges incurred because of missing any payments (and indicate any charges which may become due if the arrears isn’t paid back).
Also, your lender must not seek repossession unless all other reasonable attempts to resolve the situation have failed, and they must give you reasonable notice before taking that action.
How to ask for support if you’re unable to make your monthly mortgage payments
Lenders have to treat you fairly and consider any request you make to change the way you pay your mortgage.
- Offer to pay back what you can afford when you discuss your options with your lender – continuing to pay back some money is better than paying nothing and will help reduce your arrears.
- Consider how and when you can return to making your full monthly payments.
- Think about when you can afford to pay more to make payments in excess ofhigher than your normal monthly payment to pay down any arrears.
Depending on your circumstances your lender might also make suggestions for you, for example extending your mortgage term.
Don’t delay – it’s important to get in touch with your lender as soon as possible.
Step 2 – Check if you have insurance cover
Mortgage payment protection insurance, also called accident, sickness and unemployment insurance, can help with your mortgage repayments if your income has fallen because of redundancy, accident or sickness.
You might have taken it out when you got your mortgage – look through your mortgage paperwork and double check with your lender or the broker you used when you took out the mortgage.
Step 3 – Take action to cut your costs
Spending some time considering your spending habits will help you see if you can save money anywhere.
To help see where you can save cash, have a look at your outgoings in relation to what you have coming in then divide spending into essential and non-essential items.
Cutting back spending on non-essentials
Budgeting is essential if you’re struggling to meet outgoings. Here are just a couple of ways to cut back:
- Look at the Direct Debits that go out of your account each month – things like gym membership and magazine subscriptions. Now think about whether you’re getting value for money out of all of them. If not, consider cancelling them.
- Try listing the smaller non-essential items you buy each day – such as take-away coffees or drinks after work. Put them in order of priority. Pick off the lower priority items first and consider cutting them out one at a time.
Cutting back spending on essentials
For things like food and energy bills – try shopping around to get a better deal elsewhere.
However, think carefully before you cut back on insurance, especially life insurance.
Ask yourself whether spending a small amount on the premium is better than the risk of not having a pay-out should you die or paying thousands of pounds of your own money if anything were to happen to your home.
Step 4 – Speak to a free debt counselling service
As well as speaking to your lender, get advice from one of the many free debt advice charities and organisations.
A trained money adviser from an independent agency, like Citizens Advice or Shelter, can give you free and impartial advice.
There are other charities that can help you talk through your situation and provide information on where to find solutions.
Step 5 – Check if you can get help with your mortgage payments
Use the benefit calculator on the GOV.UK website to find out what you might be entitled to.
Depending on your circumstances you might qualify for certain benefits – and/or for government help towards your interest payments.
Worried about being repossessed?
If you’re worried that you might lose your home as a result of missed repayments, charities can provide support and advice, and there is plenty of help elsewhere too.
Your local council might also be able to offer support and advice.
Selling your home as a last resort
If you know that your situation won’t change in the long term, think about selling your home yourself and renting or moving to a cheaper property.
If considering this option, ask your lender if you can stay in your property until you sell it and check if it offers help through an Assisted Voluntary Sale scheme.
But make sure you have a place to live before you move out. If you keep your lender up to date and do everything you can to sell it, they should give you a reasonable period of time to sell.
Things to avoid
Get free debt advice if you’re thinking of resorting to any of the options below– the chances are, there’s a better solution and they’ll be able to help.
- Taking out an additional loan to pay your debts – these can reduce your monthly commitments, making them more affordable – but they can be very expensive over the long term and are often secured on your home.
- Handing back the keys – you’ll still be responsible for the mortgage repayments before your home is sold, and possibly the outstanding balance if the money raised by selling your home isn’t enough to pay off what you owe.
- Sale-and-rent-back schemes – this is where you sell your home to a company and rent it back from them. Find our more in our guide Sale and rent back schemes
This article is provided by the Money Advice Service.
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